Many people have gardens in their homes or, if they live in an urban area, within the confines of a community plot. There are a lot of benefits to having a garden including yielding your own food, feeling connected to the living creatures and plants that you grow, as well as a significant feeling of accomplishment for successfully cultivating your own ecosystem!
While most people have good intentions to be environmentally sustainable with their gardens, there are some small tips that you may be overlooking that can make your garden even more ecologically friendly.
Instead of fertilizer or chemical products that are synthetically created in laboratories, it is much more eco friendly to utilize composting techniques.
Composting is when one collects the organic waste such as fruit peels, vegetables that weren’t eaten as well as compostable paper, tea bags, etc, and then decomposing them together to create organic compost fertilizer. Composting is a big and upcoming trend so there are many resources available online on how to begin composting.
Permaculture is a technique used increasingly by home owners and small scale farmers. Permaculture focuses on designing a garden so that every part of the garden has multiple uses.
Thus, if one has a chicken coop, they need an incubator to keep the eggs warm. The permaculture approach would utilize the incubator for another source of heat, possibly to keep the temperature of a green room stable as well.
This basic theory can be used in multiple ways and the possibilities are rather endless. For example, another permaculture project could be harvesting rainwater and using it to water crops instead of using more water.
Some permaculturists like to use natural building applications, where the mimic the ecosystem of the animals that live in the area naturally and build a garden that works off of the symbiotic relationships of the creatures.
Even more ideas for permaculture are waste management techniques where waste is utilized as a part of the ecosystem and used to benefit the garden itself. This can range from using recycled materials as building resources, or introducing various bacteria or fungi that break down waste and transform it into nutrition for the soil.
Pesticides can be harmful for the environment. From runoff into the local water supply to just tampering with the local ecology, pesticides are a hotly debated and increasingly frowned upon method of protecting your garden from bugs and other harmful creatures.
Instead of pesticides, there are natural alternatives to protecting your yields. One option is to identify which natural bugs in your area combat the bugs that are eating your garden and then promoting their growth in your grow area. The other option involves using some old but proven traditions.
Panchakavya is an indian method of promoting growth in plants while protecting them from the harmful effects of bugs and bacteria. Made from three or four derivatives of cow’s milk (which is sacred in India), panchakavya is seeing a recent resurgence in urban farming and home gardens for its effectiveness.
Although these techniques require some time to learn and adapt, green gardening will have many benefits. By applying them you can make sure you use less chemicals and waste less energy so your garden will not just provide you with fresh produce but it will be cheaper to upkeep. Achieve it either by using modern techniques or ancient knowledge, you will do some good for your budget and the environment at the same time.